CREDO Reveals Successful Charters' Secret Sauce. Paul E. Peterson. Education Next, 15(3). 2015.

Success Academy is a big-time success story, as Charles Sahm makes clear (“What Explains Success at Success Academy?” features, Summer 2015). But what are the general lessons to be learned from the many case studies of successful chartering? Does it take the exceptional leadership of Success Academies’ Eva Moskowitz? Are school uniforms and a “no excuses” ethos the decisive ingredients (KIPP schools)? Are longer school days and an extended school year critical? Is data-based instruction the solution (Achievement First)? How important is a demanding academic curriculum (BASIS schools)?

States Raise Proficiency Standards in Math and Reading. Paul E. Peterson, Matthew Ackerman. Education Next, 15(3). 2015.

Since No Child Left Behind (NCLB) was enacted into federal law in 2002, states have been required to test students in grades 3 through 8 and again in high school to assess math and reading achievement. The federal law also asks states to establish the performance level students must reach on the exams in order to be identified as “proficient.” According to NCLB, each school was expected to increase the percentage of proficient students at a rate that would ensure that all students were proficient by the year 2014.

Endangering Prosperity - A Global View of the American School. Eric A. Hanushek, Paul Peterson, Ludger Woessmann. Brookings Institution Press, 147 pages. 2013.

A trio of experts on international education policy compares the performance of students in American schools against those of other nations and shows the extraordinary benefits that can come from improved student performance.

The Effects of School Vouchers on College Enrollment: Experimental Evidence from New York City. Matthew M. Chingos, Paul E. Peterson. Program on Education Policy and Governance. 2012.

In the first study, using a randomized experiment to measure the impact of school vouchers on college enrollment, Matthew Chingos and Paul Peterson, professor of government at Harvard University, examine the college-going behavior through 2011 of students who participated in a voucher experiment as elementary school students in the late 1990s. They find no overall impacts on college enrollment but do find large, statistically significant positive impacts on the college going of African-American students who participated in the study.

Eighth Graders and Compliance: Social Capital and School Sector Impacts on the NonCongnative Skills of Early Adolescents. Paul Peterson, Martina G. Viarengo. School Choice and School Improvement. Harvard Education Press, Cambridge. 2011.
Let the Charters Bloom. Paul Peterson. Hoover Digest: Research and Opinion on Public Policy, No.3 Summer, 81. 2010.

President Obama staked out a position on education this spring, delivering a radio address that bluntly acknowledged that American high school students are trailing international averages. He sketched out details of a bill his administration would be pushing to revise the No Child Left Behind Act. He proposed to preserve testing requirements but create a better measuring stick, require that teachers be evaluated by performance (not credentials), and use carrots instead of sticks to encourage progress.

For-Profit and Nonprofit Management in Philadelphia Schools. Matthew M. Chingos, Paul E. Peterson. Education Next, 9(2), 64-70. 2009.
Voucher Impacts: Differences between Public and Private Schools. Paul PetersonIn Mark Berends, Matthew G. Springer, Dale Ballou and Herbert Walberg, Eds.. Handbook of Research on School Choice. Routledge, New York. 2009.
Impact of For-Profit and Non-Profit Management on Student Achievement: The Philadelphia Intervention, 2002-2008. Matthew M. Chingos, Paul E. Peterson. PEPG 09-02. 2009.

The School District of Philadelphia, in the summer of 2002, at the request of the State of Pennsylvania, asked for-profit and non-profit managers to participate in a substantial restructuring of its lowest-performing schools under the overall direction of the Philadelphia School Reform Commission (SRC). Thirty elementary and middle schools were contracted out to for-profit management organizations; 16 schools were contracted out to non-profit organizations.

School Choice International: Exploring Public-Private Partnerships. Rajashri Chakrabarti, Paul Peterson. The MIT Press, 280 pages. 2008.

Public-private partnerships in education exist in various forms around the world, in both developed and developing countries. Despite this, and despite the importance of human capital for economic growth, systematic analysis has been limited and scattered, with most scholarly attention going to initiatives in the United States. This volume hlelps to fill the gap, bringing together recent studies on public-private partnerships in different parts of the world, including Asia, North and South America, and Europe.

Heterogeneity in School Sector Effects on Elementary Student Performance. Paul Peterson, Elena Llaudet. PEPG 07-08. November 2007.
The NCES Private-Public School Study: Findings are other than they seem. Elena Llaudet, Paul E. Peterson. Education Next, 7(1), 75-79. 2007.

On July 14, 2006, the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) released a study that compared the performance in reading and math of 4th and 8th graders attending private and public schools. The study had been undertaken at the request of the NCES by the Educational Testing Service (ETS).

School Choice in Milwaukee: Fifteen Years Later. Paul Peterson, Nathan Torinus, Brad SmithIn Paul T. Hill, Ed.. Charter Schools Against All Odds. Education Next Books, Stanford University, Stanford, California. 2006.

Whether or not the supply of schools can meet the parental demand for choice has been central to the school choice debate for more than a decade. Unfortunately, the two sides to the debate often carry their argument to the extreme. On the one side, one finds, to coin a term, the strict inelasticians: Those who assume that supply will not change in response to an increase in demand. When model builders make such an assumption, they easily reach the conclusion that choice systems will necessarily be highly stratified.

Productivity of Public and Private Schools. Paul PetersonIn Eric Hanushek, Ed.. Courting Failure: How School Adequacy Lawsuits Pervert Judges’ Good Intentions and Harm Our Children. Hoover Institutional Press, Stanford, California. 2006.
The efficacy of choice threats within school accountability systems: Results from legislatively induced experiments. Martin R. West, Paul E. Peterson. Economic Journal, 116(510), C46-C62 . 2006.

Targeted stigma and school voucher threats under a revised 2002 Florida accountability law have positive impacts on school performance as measured by the test score gains of their students. In contrast, stigma and public school choice threats under the US federal accountability law, No Child Left Behind, do not have similar effects in Florida. Estimation relies upon individual-level data and is based upon regression analyses that exploit discontinuities within the accountability regimes.